Hebrew and Transliteration:
Due to the technological challenges of integrating Hebrew characters into this site's web format, we were unable to provide the original Hebrew and Aramaic texts. With the included citations, users of the site will be able to obtain the sources independently. An additional difficulty of the web format is the plain-text default that eliminated the italicization from our original documents.

While many of the translations were the results of our combined efforts, all translations not otherwise cited are from JPS Hebrew-Tanakh, Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 2003 and the Hebrew-English Edition of the Babylonian Talmud, edited by Rabbi Dr. I. Epstein, London: Soncino Press, 1989.

Capstone submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement of Ordination. Lisa J. Delson and Anna Levin Rosen on March 1, 2009 Adar 5, 5769. Referees: Dr. Samuel K. Joseph and Dr. Jonathan Cohen.

We offer many thanks to all those who shared their learning with us through interviews and meetings over coffee. With the encouragement and the generosity of Rabbi David Ellenson, we were able to make our research come alive. Our talented web-master Justin Sovine has been a model of patience and generosity.

Dr. Jonathan Cohen not only taught us text, but also brought us together as a chevruta. His guidance provided a depth of understanding as well as a confidence that there will always be time for more learning.

Many thanks to Herr Dr. Rabbiner Samuel K. Joseph who led us to our topic and kept us informed about the newest trends in philanthropy. He gave us the courage to 'think outside the box.'

We are grateful to our parents and those before them who have fulfilled the commandment of making Torah known to their children.

"May You bless us with dew.
May we enjoy plenty with nothing lacking"